Medical First Aid Guide
Table 7: EYE EXPOSURE TO CHEMICALS
Chemical splashes involving the eye may cause local irritation, inflammation, pain and, in severe cases, blindness.
TREATMENT IS URGENT
- To avoid “lime burns”, try to swab particles mechanically from the eye before washing.
- IMMEDIATE washing of the eye with copious amounts of water.
- Keep the eyelids widely apart as illustrated.
- Remove contact lens.
- Direct water flow from inner to outer corner of the eye. Washing must be done thoroughly for ten minutes, timed by the clock.
- If available, use a 1 L bag of sodium chloride 0.9% with a drip set to irrigate the eye.
- Don’t delay. Use water until drip is ready.
|Signs and symptoms||Treatment|
|Pain, redness and watering of the eye||
|Unrelieved severe pain||
|Further advice on pain relief: see table 13.|
|Loss of vision||
|Further advice on the treatment of eye injury: see appendix 7.|